Please note that you are looking at an abridged version of the output (all checks that gave normal results have been removed from this report). You can have a look at the Full report instead.
In a colour picture, the residues that are part of a helix are shown in blue, strand residues in red. Preferred regions for helical residues are drawn in blue, for strand residues in red, and for all other residues in green. A full explanation of the Ramachandran plot together with a series of examples can be found at the WHAT_CHECK website.
Chain identifier: A
Coordinate problems, unexpected atoms, B-factor and occupancy checks
Warning: Occupancies atoms do not add up to 1.0.
In principle, the occupancy of all alternates of one atom should add up till
1.0. A valid exception is the missing atom (i.e. an atom not seen in the
electron density) that is allowed to have a 0.0 occupancy. Sometimes this
even happens when there are no alternate atoms given...
Atoms want to move. That is the direct result of the second law of thermodynamics, in a somewhat weird way of thinking. Any way, many atoms seem to have more than one position where they like to sit, and they jump between them. The population difference between those sites (which is related to their energy differences) is seen in the occupancy factors. As also for atoms it is 'to be or not to be', these occupancies should add up to 1.0. Obviously, it is possible that they add up to a number less than 1.0, in cases where there are yet more, but undetected' rotamers/positions in play, but also in those cases a warning is in place as the information shown in the PDB file is less certain than it could have been. The residues listed below contain atoms that have an occupancy greater than zero, but all their alternates do not add up to one.
WARNING. Presently WHAT CHECK only deals with a maximum of two alternate positions. A small number of atoms in the PDB has three alternates. In those cases the warning given here should obviously be neglected! In a next release we will try to fix this.
1 HIS ( 3-) A 0.50 12 GLU ( 14-) A 0.80 133 GLN ( 136-) A 0.60
Obviously, the temperature at which the X-ray data was collected has some importance too:
Temperature cannot be read from the PDB file. This most likely means that
the temperature is listed as NULL (meaning unknown) in the PDB file.
Note: B-factor plot
The average atomic B-factor per residue is plotted as function of the residue
Chain identifier: A
Warning: Unusual bond lengths
The bond lengths listed in the table below were found to deviate more than 4
sigma from standard bond lengths (both standard values and sigmas for amino
acid residues have been taken from Engh and Huber [REF], for DNA they were
taken from Parkinson et al [REF]). In the table below for each unusual bond
the bond length and the number of standard deviations it differs from the
normal value is given.
Atom names starting with "-" belong to the previous residue in the chain. If the second atom name is "-SG*", the disulphide bridge has a deviating length.
190 THR ( 193-) A CA CB 1.62 4.6
There are a number of different possible causes for the discrepancy. First the cell used in refinement can be different from the best cell calculated. Second, the value of the wavelength used for a synchrotron data set can be miscalibrated. Finally, the discrepancy can be caused by a dataset that has not been corrected for significant anisotropic thermal motion.
Please note that the proposed scale matrix has NOT been restrained to obey the space group symmetry. This is done on purpose. The distortions can give you an indication of the accuracy of the determination.
If you intend to use the result of this check to change the cell dimension of your crystal, please read the extensive literature on this topic first. This check depends on the wavelength, the cell dimensions, and on the standard bond lengths and bond angles used by your refinement software.
Unit Cell deformation matrix
| 0.998728 0.000330 0.000467| | 0.000330 0.991474 -0.000635| | 0.000467 -0.000635 0.988407|Proposed new scale matrix
| 0.023446 -0.000004 0.006160| | -0.000008 0.024187 0.000016| | -0.000007 0.000009 0.014322|With corresponding cell
A = 42.646 B = 41.344 C = 72.184 Alpha= 90.081 Beta= 104.695 Gamma= 89.962
The CRYST1 cell dimensions
A = 42.700 B = 41.700 C = 73.000 Alpha= 90.000 Beta= 104.600 Gamma= 90.000
(Under-)estimated Z-score: 16.789
Warning: Unusual bond angles
The bond angles listed in the table below were found to deviate more than 4
sigma from standard bond angles (both standard values and sigma for protein
residues have been taken from Engh and Huber [REF], for DNA/RNA from
Parkinson et al [REF]). In the table below for each strange angle the bond
angle and the number of standard deviations it differs from the standard
values is given. Please note that disulphide bridges are neglected. Atoms
starting with "-" belong to the previous residue in the sequence.
1 HIS ( 3-) A CG ND1 CE1 109.83 4.2 2 HIS ( 4-) A CA C O 127.92 4.2 2 HIS ( 4-) A CA CB CG 124.21 10.4 2 HIS ( 4-) A CG ND1 CE1 110.21 4.6 3 TRP ( 5-) A -C N CA 135.49 7.7 8 HIS ( 10-) A CG ND1 CE1 109.78 4.2 12 GLU ( 14-) A CB CG CD 123.12 6.2 15 HIS ( 17-) A CG ND1 CE1 110.50 4.9 15 HIS ( 17-) A ND1 CE1 NE2 106.46 -4.0 17 ASP ( 19-) A CA CB CG 117.56 5.0 25 ARG ( 27-) A CA CB CG 123.18 4.5 25 ARG ( 27-) A CB CG CD 124.10 5.0 25 ARG ( 27-) A CG CD NE 133.48 13.5 30 ASP ( 32-) A CA CB CG 108.49 -4.1 32 ASP ( 34-) A C CA CB 120.24 5.3 34 HIS ( 36-) A CG ND1 CE1 110.51 4.9 35 THR ( 37-) A -C N CA 129.15 4.1 35 THR ( 37-) A CA CB CG2 121.88 6.7 35 THR ( 37-) A CA CB OG1 101.48 -5.4 39 ASP ( 41-) A C CA CB 119.91 5.2 43 LYS ( 45-) A -O -C N 130.41 4.6 51 GLN ( 53-) A NE2 CD OE1 117.95 -4.6 56 ARG ( 58-) A N CA CB 98.75 -6.9 57 ILE ( 59-) A N CA CB 117.56 4.2 58 LEU ( 60-) A N CA CB 103.21 -4.3And so on for a total of 98 lines.
Improper dihedrals are a measure of the chirality/planarity of the structure at a specific atom. Values around -35 or +35 are expected for chiral atoms, and values around 0 for planar atoms. Planar side chains are left out of the calculations, these are better handled by the planarity checks.
Three numbers are given for each atom in the table. The first is the Z-score for the improper dihedral. The second number is the measured improper dihedral. The third number is the expected value for this atom type. A final column contains an extra warning if the chirality for an atom is opposite to the expected value.
56 ARG ( 58-) A CA 6.4 44.42 33.91 The average deviation= 1.913
56 ARG ( 58-) A 4.32 130 LYS ( 133-) A 4.22 219 GLN ( 222-) A 4.17 204 VAL ( 207-) A 4.08
Tau angle RMS Z-score : 1.552
Error: Side chain planarity problems
The side chains of the residues listed in the table below contain a planar
group that was found to deviate from planarity by more than 4.0 times the
expected value. For an amino acid residue that has a side chain with a
planar group, the RMS deviation of the atoms to a least squares plane was
determined. The number in the table is the number of standard deviations
this RMS value deviates from the expected value. Not knowing better yet, we
assume that planarity of the groups analyzed should be perfect.
120 HIS ( 122-) A 4.58 92 HIS ( 94-) A 4.26 30 ASP ( 32-) A 4.26
These scores give an impression of how `normal' the torsion angles in protein residues are. All torsion angles except omega are used for calculating a `normality' score. Average values and standard deviations were obtained from the residues in the WHAT IF database. These are used to calculate Z-scores. A residue with a Z-score of below -2.0 is poor, and a score of less than -3.0 is worrying. For such residues more than one torsion angle is in a highly unlikely position.
81 PRO ( 83-) A -2.5 236 GLU ( 239-) A -2.2 48 SER ( 50-) A -2.2 160 VAL ( 163-) A -2.2 249 LYS ( 252-) A -2.2 98 LEU ( 100-) A -2.1 90 GLN ( 92-) A -2.1 164 ILE ( 167-) A -2.1 35 THR ( 37-) A -2.0 200 LEU ( 203-) A -2.0
Residues with `forbidden' phi-psi combinations are listed, as well as residues with unusual omega angles (deviating by more than 3 sigma from the normal value). Please note that it is normal if about 5 percent of the residues is listed here as having unusual phi-psi combinations.
27 SER ( 29-) A PRO omega poor 62 HIS ( 64-) A Poor phi/psi 73 ASP ( 75-) A Poor phi/psi 109 LYS ( 111-) A Poor phi/psi 126 GLY ( 129-) A Poor phi/psi 175 ASN ( 178-) A Poor phi/psi 198 PRO ( 201-) A PRO omega poor 249 LYS ( 252-) A Poor phi/psi 250 ASN ( 253-) A Poor phi/psi chi-1/chi-2 correlation Z-score : -3.276
chi-1/chi-2 correlation Z-score : -3.276
Warning: Unusual backbone conformations
For the residues listed in the table below, the backbone formed by itself and
two neighbouring residues on either side is in a conformation that is not
seen very often in the database of solved protein structures. The number
given in the table is the number of similar backbone conformations in the
database with the same amino acid in the centre.
For this check, backbone conformations are compared with database structures using C-alpha superpositions with some restraints on the backbone oxygen positions.
A residue mentioned in the table can be part of a strange loop, or there might be something wrong with it or its directly surrounding residues. There are a few of these in every protein, but in any case it is worth looking at!
3 TRP ( 5-) A 0 5 TYR ( 7-) A 0 8 HIS ( 10-) A 0 18 PHE ( 20-) A 0 22 LYS ( 24-) A 0 25 ARG ( 27-) A 0 26 GLN ( 28-) A 0 27 SER ( 29-) A 0 48 SER ( 50-) A 0 50 ASP ( 52-) A 0 52 ALA ( 54-) A 0 60 ASN ( 62-) A 0 62 HIS ( 64-) A 0 70 ASP ( 72-) A 0 71 SER ( 73-) A 0 73 ASP ( 75-) A 0 74 LYS ( 76-) A 0 75 ALA ( 77-) A 0 78 LYS ( 80-) A 0 81 PRO ( 83-) A 0 83 ASP ( 85-) A 0 90 GLN ( 92-) A 0 101 GLN ( 103-) A 0 104 GLU ( 106-) A 0 105 HIS ( 107-) A 0And so on for a total of 123 lines.
Standard deviation of omega values : 3.081
Warning: Unusual peptide bond conformations
For the residues listed in the table below, the backbone formed by the
residue mentioned and the one C-terminal of it show systematic angular
deviations from normality that are consistent with a cis-peptide that
accidentally got refine in a trans conformation. This check follows the
recommendations by Jabs, Weiss, and Hilgenfeld [REF]. This check has not
yet fully matured...
55 LEU ( 57-) A 1.70
19 PRO ( 21-) A 0.47 HIGH 44 PRO ( 46-) A 0.07 LOW 135 PRO ( 138-) A 0.20 LOW 192 PRO ( 195-) A 0.19 LOW 212 PRO ( 215-) A 0.48 HIGH 244 PRO ( 247-) A 0.16 LOW
40 PRO ( 42-) A -5.7 envelop N (0 degrees) 81 PRO ( 83-) A -64.9 envelop C-beta (-72 degrees) 212 PRO ( 215-) A 51.5 half-chair C-delta/C-gamma (54 degrees)
The contact distances of all atom pairs have been checked. Two atoms are said to `bump' if they are closer than the sum of their Van der Waals radii minus 0.40 Angstrom. For hydrogen bonded pairs a tolerance of 0.55 Angstrom is used. The first number in the table tells you how much shorter that specific contact is than the acceptable limit. The second distance is the distance between the centres of the two atoms. Although we believe that two water atoms at 2.4 A distance are too close, we only report water pairs that are closer than this rather short distance.
The last text-item on each line represents the status of the atom pair. If the final column contains the text 'HB', the bump criterion was relaxed because there could be a hydrogen bond. Similarly relaxed criteria are used for 1-3 and 1-4 interactions (listed as 'B2' and 'B3', respectively). BL indicates that the B-factors of the clashing atoms have a low B-factor thereby making this clash even more worrisome. INTRA and INTER indicate whether the clashes are between atoms in the same asymmetric unit, or atoms in symmetry related asymmetric units, respectively.
13 HIS ( 15-) A ND1 <-> 16 LYS ( 18-) A NZ 0.21 2.79 INTRA BL 94 HIS ( 96-) A ND1 <-> 241 ASN ( 244-) A O 0.12 2.58 INTRA BL 90 GLN ( 92-) A O <-> 119 VAL ( 121-) A N 0.11 2.59 INTRA BL 70 ASP ( 72-) A OD2 <-> 121 TRP ( 123-) A NE1 0.11 2.59 INTRA BL 226 LEU ( 229-) A O <-> 238 MET ( 241-) A N 0.10 2.60 INTRA BL 186 LEU ( 189-) A N <-> 261 HOH ( 428 ) A O 0.09 2.61 INTRA 27 SER ( 29-) A O <-> 243 ARG ( 246-) A NH1 0.09 2.61 INTRA BL 62 HIS ( 64-) A ND1 <-> 261 HOH ( 332 ) A O 0.08 2.62 INTRA 73 ASP ( 75-) A OD1 <-> 87 ARG ( 89-) A NE 0.08 2.62 INTRA 142 GLY ( 145-) A N <-> 207 ILE ( 210-) A O 0.08 2.62 INTRA BL 22 LYS ( 24-) A NZ <-> 261 HOH ( 429 ) A O 0.08 2.62 INTRA 148 GLY ( 151-) A N <-> 215 VAL ( 218-) A O 0.08 2.62 INTRA BL 193 GLY ( 196-) A N <-> 204 VAL ( 207-) A O 0.07 2.63 INTRA BL 32 ASP ( 34-) A N <-> 261 HOH ( 427 ) A O 0.04 2.66 INTRA 244 PRO ( 247-) A O <-> 246 GLN ( 249-) A NE2 0.04 2.66 INTRA BL 31 ILE ( 33-) A N <-> 106 THR ( 108-) A O 0.04 2.66 INTRA BL 115 GLU ( 117-) A OE2 <-> 117 HIS ( 119-) A NE2 0.04 2.66 INTRA BL 41 SER ( 43-) A N <-> 42 LEU ( 44-) A N 0.03 2.57 INTRA B3 90 GLN ( 92-) A OE1 <-> 92 HIS ( 94-) A ND1 0.03 2.67 INTRA BL 249 LYS ( 252-) A NZ <-> 261 HOH ( 363 ) A O 0.03 2.67 INTRA 31 ILE ( 33-) A O <-> 108 ASP ( 110-) A N 0.03 2.67 INTRA BL 177 ASP ( 180-) A OD2 <-> 179 ARG ( 182-) A NH2 0.01 2.69 INTRA 105 HIS ( 107-) A NE2 <-> 191 TYR ( 194-) A OH 0.01 2.69 INTRA BL
Chain identifier: A
Warning: Abnormal packing environment for some residues
The residues listed in the table below have an unusual packing environment.
The packing environment of the residues is compared with the average packing environment for all residues of the same type in good PDB files. A low packing score can indicate one of several things: Poor packing, misthreading of the sequence through the density, crystal contacts, contacts with a co-factor, or the residue is part of the active site. It is not uncommon to see a few of these, but in any case this requires further inspection of the residue.
2 HIS ( 4-) A -5.91 8 HIS ( 10-) A -5.89 98 LEU ( 100-) A -5.28 133 GLN ( 136-) A -5.10
Chain identifier: A
Note: Second generation quality Z-score plot
The second generation quality Z-score smoothed over a 10 residue window
is plotted as function of the residue number. Low areas in the plot (below
-1.3) indicate unusual packing.
Chain identifier: A
Water, ion, and hydrogenbond related checks
Warning: Water molecules need moving
The water molecules listed in the table below were found to be significantly
closer to a symmetry related non-water molecule than to the ones given in the
coordinate file. For optimal viewing convenience revised coordinates for
these water molecules should be given.
The number in brackets is the identifier of the water molecule in the input file. Suggested coordinates are also given in the table. Please note that alternative conformations for protein residues are not taken into account for this calculation. If you are using WHAT IF / WHAT-CHECK interactively, then the moved waters can be found in PDB format in the file: MOVEDH2O.pdb.
261 HOH ( 315 ) A O -14.28 -18.95 18.86 261 HOH ( 317 ) A O -13.56 -18.61 15.53 261 HOH ( 349 ) A O -2.96 -17.77 5.09 261 HOH ( 382 ) A O -18.75 -2.85 -2.25 261 HOH ( 443 ) A O -18.57 -10.21 37.76 261 HOH ( 445 ) A O -0.14 -7.01 35.25 261 HOH ( 447 ) A O -1.50 -8.88 33.33
261 HOH ( 345 ) A O Metal-coordinating Histidine residue 92 fixed to 1 Metal-coordinating Histidine residue 94 fixed to 1 Metal-coordinating Histidine residue 117 fixed to 1
1 HIS ( 3-) A 51 GLN ( 53-) A 134 GLN ( 137-) A 175 ASN ( 178-) A 250 ASN ( 253-) A
Hydrogen bond donors that are buried inside the protein normally use all of their hydrogens to form hydrogen bonds within the protein. If there are any non hydrogen bonded buried hydrogen bond donors in the structure they will be listed here. In very good structures the number of listed atoms will tend to zero.
Waters are not listed by this option.
29 VAL ( 31-) A N 72 GLN ( 74-) A N 98 LEU ( 100-) A N 122 ASN ( 124-) A ND2 201 LEU ( 204-) A N 229 ASN ( 232-) A N 241 ASN ( 244-) A ND2 242 TRP ( 245-) A N 257 PHE ( 260-) A N Only metal coordination for 94 HIS ( 96-) A NE2 Only metal coordination for 117 HIS ( 119-) A ND1
The score listed is the valency score. This number should be close to (preferably a bit above) 1.0 for the suggested ion to be a likely alternative for the water molecule. Ions listed in brackets are good alternate choices. *1 indicates that the suggested ion-type has been observed elsewhere in the PDB file too. *2 indicates that the suggested ion-type has been observed in the REMARK 280 cards of the PDB file. Ion-B and ION-B indicate that the B-factor of this water is high, or very high, respectively. H2O-B indicates that the B-factors of atoms that surround this water/ion are suspicious. See: swift.cmbi.ru.nl/teach/theory/ for a detailed explanation.
261 HOH ( 470 ) A O 1.03 K 4 ION-B
30 ASP ( 32-) A H-bonding suggests Asn
The second part of the table mostly gives an impression of how well the model conforms to common refinement restraint values. The first part of the table shows a number of global quality indicators.
Structure Z-scores, positive is better than average:
1st generation packing quality : -0.166 2nd generation packing quality : 0.121 Ramachandran plot appearance : -1.646 chi-1/chi-2 rotamer normality : -3.276 (poor) Backbone conformation : -0.776
Bond lengths : 1.053 Bond angles : 1.774 Omega angle restraints : 0.560 (tight) Side chain planarity : 1.460 Improper dihedral distribution : 1.583 (loose) B-factor distribution : 0.530 Inside/Outside distribution : 0.948
The second part of the table mostly gives an impression of how well the model conforms to common refinement restraint values. The first part of the table shows a number of global quality indicators, which have been calibrated against structures of similar resolution.
Resolution found in PDB file : 2.20
Structure Z-scores, positive is better than average:
1st generation packing quality : 0.4 2nd generation packing quality : 0.3 Ramachandran plot appearance : -0.4 chi-1/chi-2 rotamer normality : -1.8 Backbone conformation : -0.7
Bond lengths : 1.053 Bond angles : 1.774 Omega angle restraints : 0.560 (tight) Side chain planarity : 1.460 Improper dihedral distribution : 1.583 (loose) B-factor distribution : 0.530 Inside/Outside distribution : 0.948 ==============
WHAT IF G.Vriend, WHAT IF: a molecular modelling and drug design program, J. Mol. Graph. 8, 52--56 (1990). WHAT_CHECK (verification routines from WHAT IF) R.W.W.Hooft, G.Vriend, C.Sander and E.E.Abola, Errors in protein structures Nature 381, 272 (1996). (see also http://swift.cmbi.ru.nl/gv/whatcheck for a course and extra inform Bond lengths and angles, protein residues R.Engh and R.Huber, Accurate bond and angle parameters for X-ray protein structure refinement, Acta Crystallogr. A47, 392--400 (1991). Bond lengths and angles, DNA/RNA G.Parkinson, J.Voitechovsky, L.Clowney, A.T.Bruenger and H.Berman, New parameters for the refinement of nucleic acid-containing structures Acta Crystallogr. D52, 57--64 (1996). DSSP W.Kabsch and C.Sander, Dictionary of protein secondary structure: pattern recognition of hydrogen bond and geometrical features Biopolymers 22, 2577--2637 (1983). Hydrogen bond networks R.W.W.Hooft, C.Sander and G.Vriend, Positioning hydrogen atoms by optimizing hydrogen bond networks in protein structures PROTEINS, 26, 363--376 (1996). Matthews' Coefficient B.W.Matthews Solvent content of Protein Crystals J. Mol. Biol. 33, 491--497 (1968). Protein side chain planarity R.W.W. Hooft, C. Sander and G. Vriend, Verification of protein structures: side-chain planarity J. Appl. Cryst. 29, 714--716 (1996). Puckering parameters D.Cremer and J.A.Pople, A general definition of ring puckering coordinates J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 1354--1358 (1975). Quality Control G.Vriend and C.Sander, Quality control of protein models: directional atomic contact analysis, J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 47--60 (1993). Ramachandran plot G.N.Ramachandran, C.Ramakrishnan and V.Sasisekharan, Stereochemistry of Polypeptide Chain Conformations J. Mol. Biol. 7, 95--99 (1963). Symmetry Checks R.W.W.Hooft, C.Sander and G.Vriend, Reconstruction of symmetry related molecules from protein data bank (PDB) files J. Appl. Cryst. 27, 1006--1009 (1994). Ion Checks I.D.Brown and K.K.Wu, Empirical Parameters for Calculating Cation-Oxygen Bond Valences Acta Cryst. B32, 1957--1959 (1975). M.Nayal and E.Di Cera, Valence Screening of Water in Protein Crystals Reveals Potential Na+ Binding Sites J.Mol.Biol. 256 228--234 (1996). P.Mueller, S.Koepke and G.M.Sheldrick, Is the bond-valence method able to identify metal atoms in protein structures? Acta Cryst. D 59 32--37 (2003). Checking checks K.Wilson, C.Sander, R.W.W.Hooft, G.Vriend, et al. Who checks the checkers J.Mol.Biol. (1998) 276,417-436.