Please note that you are looking at an abridged version of the output (all checks that gave normal results have been removed from this report). You can have a look at the Full report instead.
225 GLN ( 225-) A - A OE1 10
321 DMS ( 322-) A - 322 DMS ( 323-) A - 323 DMS ( 324-) A - 324 DMS ( 325-) A - 331 DMS ( 326-) A - 332 DMS ( 317-) A -
Alternate atom indicators in PDB files are known to often be erroneous. It has been observed that alternate atom indicators are missing, or that there are too many of them. It is common to see that the distance between two atoms that should be covalently bound is far too big, but the distance between the alternate A of one of them and alternate B of the other is proper for a covalent bond. We have discovered many, many ways in which alternate atoms can be abused. The software tries to deal with most cases, but we know for sure that it cannot deal with all cases. If an alternate atom indicator problem is not properly solved, subsequent checks will list errors that are based on wrong coordinate combinations. So, any problem listed in this table should be solved before error messages further down in this report can be trusted.
20 ILE ( 20-) A - 53 SER ( 53-) A - 65 SER ( 65-) A -
In case any of these residues shows up as poor or bad in checks further down this report, please check the consistency of the alternate atoms in this residue first, correct it yourself if needed, and run the validation again.
20 ILE ( 20-) A - 53 SER ( 53-) A -
In a colour picture, the residues that are part of a helix are shown in blue, strand residues in red. Preferred regions for helical residues are drawn in blue, for strand residues in red, and for all other residues in green. A full explanation of the Ramachandran plot together with a series of examples can be found at the WHAT_CHECK website.
Chain identifier: A
Coordinate problems, unexpected atoms, B-factor and occupancy checks
Warning: Missing atoms
The atoms listed in the table below are missing from the entry. If many atoms
are missing, the other checks can become less sensitive. Be aware that it
often happens that groups at the termini of DNA or RNA are really missing,
so that the absence of these atoms normally is neither an error nor the
result of poor electron density. Some of the atoms listed here might also be
listed by other checks, most noticeably by the options in the previous
section that list missing atoms in several categories. The plausible atoms
with zero occupancy are not listed here, as they already got assigned a
non-zero occupancy, and thus are no longer 'missing'.
182 LYS ( 182-) A CG 182 LYS ( 182-) A CD 182 LYS ( 182-) A CE 182 LYS ( 182-) A NZ
Atoms want to move. That is the direct result of the second law of thermodynamics, in a somewhat weird way of thinking. Any way, many atoms seem to have more than one position where they like to sit, and they jump between them. The population difference between those sites (which is related to their energy differences) is seen in the occupancy factors. As also for atoms it is 'to be or not to be', these occupancies should add up to 1.0. Obviously, it is possible that they add up to a number less than 1.0, in cases where there are yet more, but undetected' rotamers/positions in play, but also in those cases a warning is in place as the information shown in the PDB file is less certain than it could have been. The residues listed below contain atoms that have an occupancy greater than zero, but all their alternates do not add up to one.
WARNING. Presently WHAT CHECK only deals with a maximum of two alternate positions. A small number of atoms in the PDB has three alternates. In those cases the warning given here should obviously be neglected! In a next release we will try to fix this.
65 SER ( 65-) A 0.67 161 SER ( 161-) A 0.88
Obviously, the temperature at which the X-ray data was collected has some importance too:
Number of TLS groups mentione in PDB file header: 9
Crystal temperature (K) :100.000
Note: B-factor plot
The average atomic B-factor per residue is plotted as function of the residue
Chain identifier: A
Nomenclature related problems
Warning: Tyrosine convention problem
The tyrosine residues listed in the table below have their chi-2 not between
-90.0 and 90.0
28 TYR ( 28-) A 29 TYR ( 29-) A 75 TYR ( 75-) A 151 TYR ( 151-) A
RMS Z-score for bond lengths: 0.284
RMS-deviation in bond distances: 0.007
Warning: Possible cell scaling problem
Comparison of bond distances with Engh and Huber [REF] standard values for
protein residues and Parkinson et al [REF] values for DNA/RNA shows a
significant systematic deviation. It could be that the unit cell used in
refinement was not accurate enough. The deformation matrix given below gives
the deviations found: the three numbers on the diagonal represent the
relative corrections needed along the A, B and C cell axis. These values are
1.000 in a normal case, but have significant deviations here (significant at
the 99.99 percent confidence level)
There are a number of different possible causes for the discrepancy. First the cell used in refinement can be different from the best cell calculated. Second, the value of the wavelength used for a synchrotron data set can be miscalibrated. Finally, the discrepancy can be caused by a dataset that has not been corrected for significant anisotropic thermal motion.
Please note that the proposed scale matrix has NOT been restrained to obey the space group symmetry. This is done on purpose. The distortions can give you an indication of the accuracy of the determination.
If you intend to use the result of this check to change the cell dimension of your crystal, please read the extensive literature on this topic first. This check depends on the wavelength, the cell dimensions, and on the standard bond lengths and bond angles used by your refinement software.
Unit Cell deformation matrix
| 0.998403 0.000156 0.000186| | 0.000156 0.998088 0.000310| | 0.000186 0.000310 0.998126|Proposed new scale matrix
| 0.010803 0.006238 -0.000004| | -0.000002 0.012480 -0.000004| | -0.000001 -0.000002 0.007659|With corresponding cell
A = 92.556 B = 92.520 C = 130.559 Alpha= 89.980 Beta= 89.979 Gamma= 119.995
The CRYST1 cell dimensions
A = 92.700 B = 92.700 C = 130.800 Alpha= 90.000 Beta= 90.000 Gamma= 120.000
(Under-)estimated Z-score: 4.292
Warning: Low bond angle variability
Bond angles were found to deviate less than normal from the standard bond
angles (normal values for protein residues were taken from Engh and Huber
[REF], for DNA/RNA from Parkinson et al [REF]). The RMS Z-score given below
is expected to be near 1.0 for a normally restrained data set. The fact that
it is lower than 0.667 in this structure might indicate that too-strong
restraints have been used in the refinement. This can only be a problem for
high resolution X-ray structures.
RMS Z-score for bond angles: 0.561
RMS-deviation in bond angles: 1.107
Warning: Torsion angle evaluation shows unusual residues
The residues listed in the table below contain bad or abnormal
These scores give an impression of how `normal' the torsion angles in protein residues are. All torsion angles except omega are used for calculating a `normality' score. Average values and standard deviations were obtained from the residues in the WHAT IF database. These are used to calculate Z-scores. A residue with a Z-score of below -2.0 is poor, and a score of less than -3.0 is worrying. For such residues more than one torsion angle is in a highly unlikely position.
107 SER ( 107-) A -2.4 92 SER ( 92-) A -2.3 157 TYR ( 157-) A -2.2 20 ILE ( 20-) A -2.2 26 THR ( 26-) A -2.2
Residues with `forbidden' phi-psi combinations are listed, as well as residues with unusual omega angles (deviating by more than 3 sigma from the normal value). Please note that it is normal if about 5 percent of the residues is listed here as having unusual phi-psi combinations.
26 THR ( 26-) A Poor phi/psi 45 LYS ( 45-) A Poor phi/psi 46 TYR ( 46-) A Poor phi/psi 50 LEU ( 50-) A PRO omega poor 60 ASN ( 60-) A Poor phi/psi 89 ASN ( 89-) A Poor phi/psi 92 SER ( 92-) A Poor phi/psi 97 ASN ( 97-) A Poor phi/psi 105 HIS ( 105-) A Poor phi/psi 107 SER ( 107-) A Poor phi/psi 118 SER ( 118-) A Poor phi/psi 130 PHE ( 130-) A omega poor 132 PRO ( 132-) A omega poor 152 THR ( 152-) A Poor phi/psi 157 TYR ( 157-) A Poor phi/psi 159 ASN ( 159-) A Poor phi/psi 181 ASN ( 181-) A Poor phi/psi 226 ASP ( 226-) A Poor phi/psi chi-1/chi-2 correlation Z-score : 0.874
It is not necessarily an error if a few residues have rotamer values below 0.3, but careful inspection of all residues with these low values could be worth it.
161 SER ( 161-) A 0.37 305 SER ( 305-) A 0.40
For this check, backbone conformations are compared with database structures using C-alpha superpositions with some restraints on the backbone oxygen positions.
A residue mentioned in the table can be part of a strange loop, or there might be something wrong with it or its directly surrounding residues. There are a few of these in every protein, but in any case it is worth looking at!
5 SER ( 5-) A 0 14 LEU ( 14-) A 0 24 TYR ( 24-) A 0 25 SER ( 25-) A 0 26 THR ( 26-) A 0 27 TYR ( 27-) A 0 30 LEU ( 30-) A 0 34 THR ( 34-) A 0 35 ARG ( 35-) A 0 37 ASN ( 37-) A 0 45 LYS ( 45-) A 0 46 TYR ( 46-) A 0 49 THR ( 49-) A 0 51 PRO ( 51-) A 0 53 SER ( 53-) A 0 55 TRP ( 55-) A 0 58 ALA ( 58-) A 0 60 ASN ( 60-) A 0 61 GLN ( 61-) A 0 62 PHE ( 62-) A 0 63 PHE ( 63-) A 0 92 SER ( 92-) A 0 96 ASN ( 96-) A 0 97 ASN ( 97-) A 0 104 VAL ( 104-) A 0And so on for a total of 120 lines.
The contact distances of all atom pairs have been checked. Two atoms are said to `bump' if they are closer than the sum of their Van der Waals radii minus 0.40 Angstrom. For hydrogen bonded pairs a tolerance of 0.55 Angstrom is used. The first number in the table tells you how much shorter that specific contact is than the acceptable limit. The second distance is the distance between the centres of the two atoms. Although we believe that two water atoms at 2.4 A distance are too close, we only report water pairs that are closer than this rather short distance.
The last text-item on each line represents the status of the atom pair. If the final column contains the text 'HB', the bump criterion was relaxed because there could be a hydrogen bond. Similarly relaxed criteria are used for 1-3 and 1-4 interactions (listed as 'B2' and 'B3', respectively). BL indicates that the B-factors of the clashing atoms have a low B-factor thereby making this clash even more worrisome. INTRA and INTER indicate whether the clashes are between atoms in the same asymmetric unit, or atoms in symmetry related asymmetric units, respectively.
113 ALA ( 113-) A O <-> 332 DMS ( 317-) A C2 0.45 2.35 INTRA 325 ZN ( 327-) A ZN <-> 332 DMS ( 317-) A C1 0.34 2.86 INTRA 260 ARG ( 260-) A NE <-> 333 HOH ( 333 ) A O 0.18 2.52 INTRA 11 ARG ( 11-) A A NH2 <-> 333 HOH ( 430 ) A O 0.06 2.64 INTRA 308 GLN ( 308-) A NE2 <-> 333 HOH ( 405 ) A O 0.04 2.66 INTRA 81 TYR ( 81-) A OH <-> 97 ASN ( 97-) A ND2 0.02 2.68 INTRA BL 66 TYR ( 66-) A CZ <-> 105 HIS ( 105-) A CD2 0.01 3.19 INTRA BL 11 ARG ( 11-) A A NE <-> 333 HOH ( 430 ) A O 0.01 2.69 INTRA 68 ALA ( 68-) A N <-> 69 PRO ( 69-) A CD 0.01 2.99 INTRA BL 183 ASN ( 183-) A N <-> 184 PRO ( 184-) A CD 0.01 2.99 INTRA BL
Chain identifier: A
Warning: Abnormal packing environment for some residues
The residues listed in the table below have an unusual packing environment.
The packing environment of the residues is compared with the average packing environment for all residues of the same type in good PDB files. A low packing score can indicate one of several things: Poor packing, misthreading of the sequence through the density, crystal contacts, contacts with a co-factor, or the residue is part of the active site. It is not uncommon to see a few of these, but in any case this requires further inspection of the residue.
108 GLN ( 108-) A -5.84 221 TYR ( 221-) A -5.84 88 HIS ( 88-) A -5.65 246 GLN ( 246-) A -5.51 251 TYR ( 251-) A -5.36 273 GLN ( 273-) A -5.35 225 GLN ( 225-) A -5.31
The table below lists the first and last residue in each stretch found, as well as the average residue score of the series.
225 GLN ( 225-) A 228 - GLY 228- ( A) -4.43
Chain identifier: A
Warning: Low packing Z-score for some residues
The residues listed in the table below have an unusual packing
environment according to the 2nd generation packing check. The score
listed in the table is a packing normality Z-score: positive means
better than average, negative means worse than average. Only residues
scoring less than -2.50 are listed here. These are the unusual
residues in the structure, so it will be interesting to take a
special look at them.
44 ALA ( 44-) A -2.73 182 LYS ( 182-) A -2.63 25 SER ( 25-) A -2.52
The table below lists the first and last residue in each stretch found, as well as the average residue Z-score of the series.
189 GLY ( 189-) A - 192 VAL ( 192-) A -1.60
Chain identifier: A
Water, ion, and hydrogenbond related checks
Warning: Water molecules need moving
The water molecules listed in the table below were found to be significantly
closer to a symmetry related non-water molecule than to the ones given in the
coordinate file. For optimal viewing convenience revised coordinates for
these water molecules should be given.
The number in brackets is the identifier of the water molecule in the input file. Suggested coordinates are also given in the table. Please note that alternative conformations for protein residues are not taken into account for this calculation. If you are using WHAT IF / WHAT-CHECK interactively, then the moved waters can be found in PDB format in the file: MOVEDH2O.pdb.
333 HOH ( 339 ) A O -11.71 16.36 -19.49 333 HOH ( 351 ) A O 3.44 14.00 -23.13 333 HOH ( 376 ) A O -4.76 47.84 -18.94 333 HOH ( 386 ) A O -9.04 39.88 -6.01 333 HOH ( 397 ) A O -15.37 17.92 -7.06 333 HOH ( 402 ) A O 11.60 52.48 3.81 333 HOH ( 724 ) A O 17.90 25.08 -20.46 ERROR. Strange number of bonds to S
21 ASN ( 21-) A
Hydrogen bond donors that are buried inside the protein normally use all of their hydrogens to form hydrogen bonds within the protein. If there are any non hydrogen bonded buried hydrogen bond donors in the structure they will be listed here. In very good structures the number of listed atoms will tend to zero.
Waters are not listed by this option.
3 GLY ( 3-) A N 35 ARG ( 35-) A N 49 THR ( 49-) A N 97 ASN ( 97-) A ND2 130 PHE ( 130-) A N 155 LEU ( 155-) A N 216 HIS ( 216-) A N 249 THR ( 249-) A OG1 260 ARG ( 260-) A NH1 Only metal coordination for 146 HIS ( 146-) A NE2 Only metal coordination for 190 GLU ( 190-) A OE2
Side-chain hydrogen bond acceptors buried inside the protein normally form hydrogen bonds within the protein. If there are any not hydrogen bonded in the optimized hydrogen bond network they will be listed here.
Waters are not listed by this option.
238 ASN ( 238-) A OD1
The output gives the ion, the valency score for the ion itself, the valency score for the suggested alternative ion, and a series of possible comments *1 indicates that the suggested alternate atom type has been observed in the PDB file at another location in space. *2 indicates that WHAT IF thinks to have found this ion type in the crystallisation conditions as described in the REMARK 280 cards of the PDB file. *S Indicates that this ions is located at a special position (i.e. at a symmetry axis). N4 stands for NH4+.
326 CA ( 328-) A -.- -.- Part of ionic cluster 326 CA ( 328-) A 0.77 1.00 Scores about as good as NA 327 CA ( 329-) A -.- -.- Part of ionic cluster 329 CA ( 331-) A 0.90 1.14 Scores about as good as NA
The score listed is the valency score. This number should be close to (preferably a bit above) 1.0 for the suggested ion to be a likely alternative for the water molecule. Ions listed in brackets are good alternate choices. *1 indicates that the suggested ion-type has been observed elsewhere in the PDB file too. *2 indicates that the suggested ion-type has been observed in the REMARK 280 cards of the PDB file. Ion-B and ION-B indicate that the B-factor of this water is high, or very high, respectively. H2O-B indicates that the B-factors of atoms that surround this water/ion are suspicious. See: swift.cmbi.ru.nl/teach/theory/ for a detailed explanation.
333 HOH ( 432 ) A O 1.06 K 4 ION-B 333 HOH ( 488 ) A O 1.08 K 5 333 HOH ( 522 ) A O 0.88 K 4 333 HOH ( 527 ) A O 0.95 K 4 333 HOH ( 604 ) A O 1.07 K 7 Ion-B 333 HOH ( 762 ) A O 0.95 K 4 Ion-B
150 ASP ( 150-) A H-bonding suggests Asn; but Alt-Rotamer 294 ASP ( 294-) A H-bonding suggests Asn; but Alt-Rotamer
The second part of the table mostly gives an impression of how well the model conforms to common refinement restraint values. The first part of the table shows a number of global quality indicators.
Structure Z-scores, positive is better than average:
1st generation packing quality : -0.681 2nd generation packing quality : -1.759 Ramachandran plot appearance : 0.004 chi-1/chi-2 rotamer normality : 0.874 Backbone conformation : -0.055
Bond lengths : 0.284 (tight) Bond angles : 0.561 (tight) Omega angle restraints : 0.942 Side chain planarity : 0.425 (tight) Improper dihedral distribution : 0.556 B-factor distribution : 0.809 Inside/Outside distribution : 1.021
The second part of the table mostly gives an impression of how well the model conforms to common refinement restraint values. The first part of the table shows a number of global quality indicators, which have been calibrated against structures of similar resolution.
Resolution found in PDB file : 1.50
Structure Z-scores, positive is better than average:
1st generation packing quality : -0.2 2nd generation packing quality : -1.6 Ramachandran plot appearance : -0.5 chi-1/chi-2 rotamer normality : 0.3 Backbone conformation : -0.5
Bond lengths : 0.284 (tight) Bond angles : 0.561 (tight) Omega angle restraints : 0.942 Side chain planarity : 0.425 (tight) Improper dihedral distribution : 0.556 B-factor distribution : 0.809 Inside/Outside distribution : 1.021 ==============
WHAT IF G.Vriend, WHAT IF: a molecular modelling and drug design program, J. Mol. Graph. 8, 52--56 (1990). WHAT_CHECK (verification routines from WHAT IF) R.W.W.Hooft, G.Vriend, C.Sander and E.E.Abola, Errors in protein structures Nature 381, 272 (1996). (see also http://swift.cmbi.ru.nl/gv/whatcheck for a course and extra inform Bond lengths and angles, protein residues R.Engh and R.Huber, Accurate bond and angle parameters for X-ray protein structure refinement, Acta Crystallogr. A47, 392--400 (1991). Bond lengths and angles, DNA/RNA G.Parkinson, J.Voitechovsky, L.Clowney, A.T.Bruenger and H.Berman, New parameters for the refinement of nucleic acid-containing structures Acta Crystallogr. D52, 57--64 (1996). DSSP W.Kabsch and C.Sander, Dictionary of protein secondary structure: pattern recognition of hydrogen bond and geometrical features Biopolymers 22, 2577--2637 (1983). Hydrogen bond networks R.W.W.Hooft, C.Sander and G.Vriend, Positioning hydrogen atoms by optimizing hydrogen bond networks in protein structures PROTEINS, 26, 363--376 (1996). Matthews' Coefficient B.W.Matthews Solvent content of Protein Crystals J. Mol. Biol. 33, 491--497 (1968). Protein side chain planarity R.W.W. Hooft, C. Sander and G. Vriend, Verification of protein structures: side-chain planarity J. Appl. Cryst. 29, 714--716 (1996). Puckering parameters D.Cremer and J.A.Pople, A general definition of ring puckering coordinates J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 1354--1358 (1975). Quality Control G.Vriend and C.Sander, Quality control of protein models: directional atomic contact analysis, J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 47--60 (1993). Ramachandran plot G.N.Ramachandran, C.Ramakrishnan and V.Sasisekharan, Stereochemistry of Polypeptide Chain Conformations J. Mol. Biol. 7, 95--99 (1963). Symmetry Checks R.W.W.Hooft, C.Sander and G.Vriend, Reconstruction of symmetry related molecules from protein data bank (PDB) files J. Appl. Cryst. 27, 1006--1009 (1994). Ion Checks I.D.Brown and K.K.Wu, Empirical Parameters for Calculating Cation-Oxygen Bond Valences Acta Cryst. B32, 1957--1959 (1975). M.Nayal and E.Di Cera, Valence Screening of Water in Protein Crystals Reveals Potential Na+ Binding Sites J.Mol.Biol. 256 228--234 (1996). P.Mueller, S.Koepke and G.M.Sheldrick, Is the bond-valence method able to identify metal atoms in protein structures? Acta Cryst. D 59 32--37 (2003). Checking checks K.Wilson, C.Sander, R.W.W.Hooft, G.Vriend, et al. Who checks the checkers J.Mol.Biol. (1998) 276,417-436.