WHAT IF Check report

This file was created 2013-12-10 from WHAT_CHECK output by a conversion script. If you are new to WHAT_CHECK, please study the pdbreport pages. There also exists a legend to the output.

Please note that you are looking at an abridged version of the output (all checks that gave normal results have been removed from this report). You can have a look at the Full report instead.

Verification log for pdb4e1g.ent

Checks that need to be done early-on in validation

Note: Non crystallographic symmetry RMS plot

The plot shows the RMS differences between two similar chains on a residue- by-residue basis. Individual "spikes" can be indicative of interesting or wrong residues. If all residues show a high RMS value, the structure could be incorrectly refined.

Chain identifiers of the two chains: A and B

All-atom RMS fit for the two chains : 0.456
CA-only RMS fit for the two chains : 0.225

Note: Non crystallographic symmetry backbone difference plot

The plot shows the differences in backbone torsion angles between two similar chains on a residue-by-residue basis. Individual "spikes" can be indicative of interesting or wrong residues. If all residues show high differences, the structure could be incorrectly refined.

Chain identifiers of the two chains: A and B

Warning: Topology could not be determined for some ligands

Some ligands in the table below are too complicated for the automatic topology determination. WHAT IF uses a local copy of Daan van Aalten's Dundee PRODRG server to automatically generate topology information for ligands. Some molecules are too complicated for this software. If that happens, WHAT IF / WHAT-CHECK continue with a simplified topology that lacks certain information. Ligands with a simplified topology can, for example, not form hydrogen bonds, and that reduces the accuracy of all hydrogen bond related checking facilities.

The reason for topology generation failure is indicated. 'Atom types' indicates that the ligand contains atom types not known to PRODRUG. 'Attached' means that the ligand is covalently attached to a macromolecule. 'Size' indicates that the ligand has either too many atoms (or two or less which PRODRUG also cannot cope with), or too many bonds, angles, or torsion angles. 'Fragmented' is written when the ligand is not one fully covalently connected molecule but consists of multiple fragments. 'N/O only' is given when the ligand contains only N and/or O atoms. 'OK' indicates that the automatic topology generation succeeded.

1113 LNL   ( 701-)  A  -         OK
1114 COH   ( 702-)  A  -         Atom types
1116 AKR   ( 712-)  A  -         OK
1117 COH   ( 702-)  B  -         Atom types
1124 LNL   ( 701-)  B  -         OK
1125 AKR   ( 713-)  A  -         OK
1126 BOG   ( 709-)  A  -         OK
1127 MAN   ( 707-)  A  -         OK

Administrative problems that can generate validation failures

Warning: Groups attached to potentially hydrogenbonding atoms

Residues were observed with groups attached to (or very near to) atoms that potentially can form hydrogen bonds. WHAT IF is not very good at dealing with such exceptional cases (Mainly because it's author is not...). So be warned that the hydrogenbonding-related analyses of these residues might be in error.

For example, an aspartic acid can be protonated on one of its delta oxygens. This is possible because the one delta oxygen 'helps' the other one holding that proton. However, if a delta oxygen has a group bound to it, then it can no longer 'help' the other delta oxygen bind the proton. However, both delta oxygens, in principle, can still be hydrogen bond acceptors. Such problems can occur in the amino acids Asp, Glu, and His. I have opted, for now to simply allow no hydrogen bonds at all for any atom in any side chain that somewhere has a 'funny' group attached to it. I know this is wrong, but there are only 12 hours in a day.

1103 NAG   ( 703-)  A  -   O4  bound to 1104 NAG   ( 704-)  A  -   C1
1105 NAG   ( 705-)  A  -   O4  bound to 1106 NAG   ( 706-)  A  -   C1
1106 NAG   ( 706-)  A  -   O4  bound to 1127 MAN   ( 707-)  A  -   C1
1108 NAG   ( 703-)  B  -   O4  bound to 1109 NAG   ( 704-)  B  -   C1
1110 NAG   ( 705-)  B  -   O4  bound to 1111 NAG   ( 706-)  B  -   C1

Non-validating, descriptive output paragraph

Note: Ramachandran plot

In this Ramachandran plot x-signs represent glycines, squares represent prolines, and plus-signs represent the other residues. If too many plus- signs fall outside the contoured areas then the molecule is poorly refined (or worse). Proline can only occur in the narrow region around phi=-60 that also falls within the other contour islands.

In a colour picture, the residues that are part of a helix are shown in blue, strand residues in red. Preferred regions for helical residues are drawn in blue, for strand residues in red, and for all other residues in green. A full explanation of the Ramachandran plot together with a series of examples can be found at the WHAT_CHECK website.

Chain identifier: A

Note: Ramachandran plot

Chain identifier: B

Coordinate problems, unexpected atoms, B-factor and occupancy checks

Warning: Missing atoms

The atoms listed in the table below are missing from the entry. If many atoms are missing, the other checks can become less sensitive. Be aware that it often happens that groups at the termini of DNA or RNA are really missing, so that the absence of these atoms normally is neither an error nor the result of poor electron density. Some of the atoms listed here might also be listed by other checks, most noticeably by the options in the previous section that list missing atoms in several categories. The plausible atoms with zero occupancy are not listed here, as they already got assigned a non-zero occupancy, and thus are no longer 'missing'.

  21 ASP   (  53-)  A      CG
  21 ASP   (  53-)  A      OD1
  21 ASP   (  53-)  A      OD2
  22 GLN   (  54-)  A      CD
  22 GLN   (  54-)  A      OE1
  22 GLN   (  54-)  A      NE2
  24 LYS   (  56-)  A      CE
  24 LYS   (  56-)  A      NZ
  43 LEU   (  75-)  A      CD1
  43 LEU   (  75-)  A      CD2
  47 LYS   (  79-)  A      CG
  47 LYS   (  79-)  A      CD
  47 LYS   (  79-)  A      CE
  47 LYS   (  79-)  A      NZ
  49 LEU   (  81-)  A      CD1
  49 LEU   (  81-)  A      CD2
  51 LYS   (  83-)  A      CG
  51 LYS   (  83-)  A      CD
  51 LYS   (  83-)  A      CE
  51 LYS   (  83-)  A      NZ
  65 LYS   (  97-)  A      CD
  65 LYS   (  97-)  A      CE
  65 LYS   (  97-)  A      NZ
 138 LYS   ( 169-)  A      CD
 138 LYS   ( 169-)  A      CE
And so on for a total of 104 lines.

Warning: What type of B-factor?

WHAT IF does not yet know well how to cope with B-factors in case TLS has been used. It simply assumes that the B-factor listed on the ATOM and HETATM cards are the total B-factors. When TLS refinement is used that assumption sometimes is not correct. The header of the PDB file states that TLS groups were used. So, if WHAT IF complains about your B-factors, while you think that they are OK, then check for TLS related B-factor problems first.

Obviously, the temperature at which the X-ray data was collected has some importance too:


Number of TLS groups mentione in PDB file header: 6

Crystal temperature (K) :100.000

Note: B-factor plot

The average atomic B-factor per residue is plotted as function of the residue number.

Chain identifier: A

Note: B-factor plot

Chain identifier: B

Nomenclature related problems

Warning: Arginine nomenclature problem

The arginine residues listed in the table below have their N-H-1 and N-H-2 swapped.

  89 ARG   ( 120-)  A

Warning: Tyrosine convention problem

The tyrosine residues listed in the table below have their chi-2 not between -90.0 and 90.0

  23 TYR   (  55-)  A
  33 TYR   (  65-)  A
  59 TYR   (  91-)  A
 116 TYR   ( 147-)  A
 223 TYR   ( 254-)  A
 270 TYR   ( 301-)  A
 354 TYR   ( 385-)  A
 464 TYR   ( 495-)  A
 584 TYR   (  65-)  B
 610 TYR   (  91-)  B
 656 TYR   ( 136-)  B
 774 TYR   ( 254-)  B
 795 TYR   ( 275-)  B
 821 TYR   ( 301-)  B
 868 TYR   ( 348-)  B
 905 TYR   ( 385-)  B
 929 TYR   ( 409-)  B
 986 TYR   ( 466-)  B

Warning: Phenylalanine convention problem

The phenylalanine residues listed in the table below have their chi-2 not between -90.0 and 90.0.

  32 PHE   (  64-)  A
  64 PHE   (  96-)  A
 170 PHE   ( 201-)  A
 178 PHE   ( 209-)  A
 546 PHE   ( 577-)  A
 583 PHE   (  64-)  B
 721 PHE   ( 201-)  B
 730 PHE   ( 210-)  B
 915 PHE   ( 395-)  B
 924 PHE   ( 404-)  B
 990 PHE   ( 470-)  B
1100 PHE   ( 580-)  B

Warning: Aspartic acid convention problem

The aspartic acid residues listed in the table below have their chi-2 not between -90.0 and 90.0, or their proton on OD1 instead of OD2.

 127 ASP   ( 158-)  A
 368 ASP   ( 399-)  A
 572 ASP   (  53-)  B
 577 ASP   (  58-)  B
 693 ASP   ( 173-)  B

Warning: Glutamic acid convention problem

The glutamic acid residues listed in the table below have their chi-3 outside the -90.0 to 90.0 range, or their proton on OE1 instead of OE2.

  35 GLU   (  67-)  A
 155 GLU   ( 186-)  A
 259 GLU   ( 290-)  A
 288 GLU   ( 319-)  A
 308 GLU   ( 339-)  A
 434 GLU   ( 465-)  A
 449 GLU   ( 480-)  A
 459 GLU   ( 490-)  A
 565 GLU   (  46-)  B
 586 GLU   (  67-)  B
 696 GLU   ( 176-)  B
 918 GLU   ( 398-)  B
 977 GLU   ( 457-)  B
1000 GLU   ( 480-)  B

Geometric checks

Warning: Unusual bond lengths

The bond lengths listed in the table below were found to deviate more than 4 sigma from standard bond lengths (both standard values and sigmas for amino acid residues have been taken from Engh and Huber [REF], for DNA they were taken from Parkinson et al [REF]). In the table below for each unusual bond the bond length and the number of standard deviations it differs from the normal value is given.

Atom names starting with "-" belong to the previous residue in the chain. If the second atom name is "-SG*", the disulphide bridge has a deviating length.

 313 VAL   ( 344-)  A      CA   CB    1.61    4.1
 755 GLY   ( 235-)  B      N    CA    1.52    4.4
 788 ASP   ( 268-)  B      CB   CG    1.62    4.2
 814 LEU   ( 294-)  B      CB   CG    1.61    4.0
 948 ARG   ( 428-)  B      CG   CD    1.65    4.3

Warning: Possible cell scaling problem

Comparison of bond distances with Engh and Huber [REF] standard values for protein residues and Parkinson et al [REF] values for DNA/RNA shows a significant systematic deviation. It could be that the unit cell used in refinement was not accurate enough. The deformation matrix given below gives the deviations found: the three numbers on the diagonal represent the relative corrections needed along the A, B and C cell axis. These values are 1.000 in a normal case, but have significant deviations here (significant at the 99.99 percent confidence level)

There are a number of different possible causes for the discrepancy. First the cell used in refinement can be different from the best cell calculated. Second, the value of the wavelength used for a synchrotron data set can be miscalibrated. Finally, the discrepancy can be caused by a dataset that has not been corrected for significant anisotropic thermal motion.

Please note that the proposed scale matrix has NOT been restrained to obey the space group symmetry. This is done on purpose. The distortions can give you an indication of the accuracy of the determination.

If you intend to use the result of this check to change the cell dimension of your crystal, please read the extensive literature on this topic first. This check depends on the wavelength, the cell dimensions, and on the standard bond lengths and bond angles used by your refinement software.

Unit Cell deformation matrix

 |  0.994064 -0.000062 -0.000464|
 | -0.000062  0.994166 -0.000152|
 | -0.000464 -0.000152  0.994130|
Proposed new scale matrix

 |  0.008357  0.000000  0.000004|
 |  0.000000  0.007612  0.000001|
 |  0.000003  0.000000  0.005575|
With corresponding cell

    A    = 119.666  B   = 131.364  C    = 179.381
    Alpha=  90.010  Beta=  90.053  Gamma=  90.001

The CRYST1 cell dimensions

    A    = 120.378  B   = 132.131  C    = 180.438
    Alpha=  90.000  Beta=  90.000  Gamma=  90.000

Variance: 1307.478
(Under-)estimated Z-score: 26.649

Warning: Unusual bond angles

The bond angles listed in the table below were found to deviate more than 4 sigma from standard bond angles (both standard values and sigma for protein residues have been taken from Engh and Huber [REF], for DNA/RNA from Parkinson et al [REF]). In the table below for each strange angle the bond angle and the number of standard deviations it differs from the standard values is given. Please note that disulphide bridges are neglected. Atoms starting with "-" belong to the previous residue in the sequence.

   1 HIS   (  33-)  A      CG   ND1  CE1 109.61    4.0
  19 GLY   (  51-)  A      N    CA   C    99.48   -4.5
 185 ARG   ( 216-)  A      CB   CG   CD  105.05   -4.5
 247 HIS   ( 278-)  A      CG   ND1  CE1 109.97    4.4
 263 LEU   ( 294-)  A      CA   CB   CG  130.48    4.1
 264 VAL   ( 295-)  A      N    CA   CB  103.35   -4.2
 268 MET   ( 299-)  A      CG   SD   CE   88.00   -5.9
 355 HIS   ( 386-)  A      CG   ND1  CE1 110.20    4.6
 357 HIS   ( 388-)  A      CG   ND1  CE1 110.27    4.7
 397 ARG   ( 428-)  A      CB   CG   CD  105.48   -4.3
 453 GLU   ( 484-)  A      N    CA   CB  101.77   -5.1
 508 ILE   ( 539-)  A      N    CA   CB  118.02    4.4
 551 VAL   ( 582-)  A     -C    N    CA  130.84    5.1
 551 VAL   ( 582-)  A      N    CA   CB  120.86    6.1
 553 HIS   (  34-)  B      CG   ND1  CE1 109.64    4.0
 732 THR   ( 212-)  B      C    CA   CB  118.90    4.6
 752 HIS   ( 232-)  B      CG   ND1  CE1 109.83    4.2
 814 LEU   ( 294-)  B      CA   CB   CG  130.94    4.2
 827 ARG   ( 307-)  B      CB   CG   CD  105.13   -4.5
 871 HIS   ( 351-)  B      CG   ND1  CE1 109.62    4.0
 906 HIS   ( 386-)  B      CG   ND1  CE1 109.67    4.1
 929 TYR   ( 409-)  B      CA   CB   CG  104.10   -5.0
 978 MET   ( 458-)  B      CG   SD   CE  109.93    4.1
1004 GLU   ( 484-)  B      N    CA   CB  103.66   -4.0

Error: Nomenclature error(s)

Checking for a hand-check. WHAT IF has over the course of this session already corrected the handedness of atoms in several residues. These were administrative corrections. These residues are listed here.

  35 GLU   (  67-)  A
  89 ARG   ( 120-)  A
 127 ASP   ( 158-)  A
 155 GLU   ( 186-)  A
 259 GLU   ( 290-)  A
 288 GLU   ( 319-)  A
 308 GLU   ( 339-)  A
 368 ASP   ( 399-)  A
 434 GLU   ( 465-)  A
 449 GLU   ( 480-)  A
 459 GLU   ( 490-)  A
 565 GLU   (  46-)  B
 572 ASP   (  53-)  B
 577 ASP   (  58-)  B
 586 GLU   (  67-)  B
 693 ASP   ( 173-)  B
 696 GLU   ( 176-)  B
 918 GLU   ( 398-)  B
 977 GLU   ( 457-)  B
1000 GLU   ( 480-)  B

Warning: Chirality deviations detected

The atoms listed in the table below have an improper dihedral value that is deviating from expected values. As the improper dihedral values are all getting very close to ideal values in recent X-ray structures, and as we actually do not know how big the spread around these values should be, this check only warns for 6 sigma deviations.

Improper dihedrals are a measure of the chirality/planarity of the structure at a specific atom. Values around -35 or +35 are expected for chiral atoms, and values around 0 for planar atoms. Planar side chains are left out of the calculations, these are better handled by the planarity checks.

Three numbers are given for each atom in the table. The first is the Z-score for the improper dihedral. The second number is the measured improper dihedral. The third number is the expected value for this atom type. A final column contains an extra warning if the chirality for an atom is opposite to the expected value.

Please also see the previous table that lists a series of administrative chirality problems that were corrected automatically upon reading-in the PDB file.

 199 LEU   ( 230-)  A      CG    10.2   -15.04   -33.01
 551 VAL   ( 582-)  A      CA    -9.9    18.83    33.23
 784 PRO   ( 264-)  B      N      6.3    18.10    -2.48
The average deviation= 1.437

Error: Tau angle problems

The side chains of the residues listed in the table below contain a tau angle (N-Calpha-C) that was found to deviate from te expected value by more than 4.0 times the expected standard deviation. The number in the table is the number of standard deviations this RMS value deviates from the expected value.

  19 GLY   (  51-)  A    5.22
  50 LEU   (  82-)  A    4.66
 717 MET   ( 197-)  B    4.13
 149 LYS   ( 180-)  A    4.03

Torsion-related checks

Warning: Torsion angle evaluation shows unusual residues

The residues listed in the table below contain bad or abnormal torsion angles.

These scores give an impression of how `normal' the torsion angles in protein residues are. All torsion angles except omega are used for calculating a `normality' score. Average values and standard deviations were obtained from the residues in the WHAT IF database. These are used to calculate Z-scores. A residue with a Z-score of below -2.0 is poor, and a score of less than -3.0 is worrying. For such residues more than one torsion angle is in a highly unlikely position.

 615 PHE   (  96-)  B    -2.7
 929 TYR   ( 409-)  B    -2.6
  64 PHE   (  96-)  A    -2.5
1098 THR   ( 578-)  B    -2.4
 547 THR   ( 578-)  A    -2.4
1018 ILE   ( 498-)  B    -2.4
 563 ARG   (  44-)  B    -2.4
 790 GLN   ( 270-)  B    -2.3
 467 ILE   ( 498-)  A    -2.3
 579 THR   (  60-)  B    -2.3
  12 ARG   (  44-)  A    -2.2
 750 LEU   ( 230-)  B    -2.2
 684 GLY   ( 164-)  B    -2.2
 133 GLY   ( 164-)  A    -2.2
1004 GLU   ( 484-)  B    -2.2
 399 ILE   ( 430-)  A    -2.2
 590 THR   (  71-)  B    -2.2
 811 VAL   ( 291-)  B    -2.2
 354 TYR   ( 385-)  A    -2.1
 260 VAL   ( 291-)  A    -2.1
 453 GLU   ( 484-)  A    -2.1
 440 SER   ( 471-)  A    -2.1
 588 CYS   (  69-)  B    -2.0
1095 CYS   ( 575-)  B    -2.0

Warning: Backbone evaluation reveals unusual conformations

The residues listed in the table below have abnormal backbone torsion angles.

Residues with `forbidden' phi-psi combinations are listed, as well as residues with unusual omega angles (deviating by more than 3 sigma from the normal value). Please note that it is normal if about 5 percent of the residues is listed here as having unusual phi-psi combinations.

  11 ASN   (  43-)  A  Poor phi/psi
  12 ARG   (  44-)  A  Poor phi/psi, omega poor
  29 ARG   (  61-)  A  Poor phi/psi
  37 CYS   (  69-)  A  Poor phi/psi
  95 SER   ( 126-)  A  PRO omega poor
  98 THR   ( 129-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 111 PHE   ( 142-)  A  omega poor
 116 TYR   ( 147-)  A  omega poor
 134 VAL   ( 165-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 176 HIS   ( 207-)  A  omega poor
 199 LEU   ( 230-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 216 PHE   ( 247-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 218 ASP   ( 249-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 219 GLY   ( 250-)  A  omega poor
 239 GLN   ( 270-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 314 ILE   ( 345-)  A  omega poor
 322 SER   ( 353-)  A  omega poor
 324 TYR   ( 355-)  A  omega poor
 367 GLU   ( 398-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 378 TYR   ( 409-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 440 SER   ( 471-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 452 GLY   ( 483-)  A  omega poor
 465 SER   ( 496-)  A  Poor phi/psi
 481 PRO   ( 512-)  A  omega poor
 528 ILE   ( 559-)  A  omega poor
And so on for a total of 54 lines.

Warning: Unusual rotamers

The residues listed in the table below have a rotamer that is not seen very often in the database of solved protein structures. This option determines for every residue the position specific chi-1 rotamer distribution. Thereafter it verified whether the actual residue in the molecule has the most preferred rotamer or not. If the actual rotamer is the preferred one, the score is 1.0. If the actual rotamer is unique, the score is 0.0. If there are two preferred rotamers, with a population distribution of 3:2 and your rotamer sits in the lesser populated rotamer, the score will be 0.667. No value will be given if insufficient hits are found in the database.

It is not necessarily an error if a few residues have rotamer values below 0.3, but careful inspection of all residues with these low values could be worth it.

 424 SER   ( 455-)  A    0.36
 975 SER   ( 455-)  B    0.36

Warning: Unusual backbone conformations

For the residues listed in the table below, the backbone formed by itself and two neighbouring residues on either side is in a conformation that is not seen very often in the database of solved protein structures. The number given in the table is the number of similar backbone conformations in the database with the same amino acid in the centre.

For this check, backbone conformations are compared with database structures using C-alpha superpositions with some restraints on the backbone oxygen positions.

A residue mentioned in the table can be part of a strange loop, or there might be something wrong with it or its directly surrounding residues. There are a few of these in every protein, but in any case it is worth looking at!

   8 PRO   (  40-)  A      0
   9 CYS   (  41-)  A      0
  10 GLN   (  42-)  A      0
  12 ARG   (  44-)  A      0
  21 ASP   (  53-)  A      0
  22 GLN   (  54-)  A      0
  28 THR   (  60-)  A      0
  29 ARG   (  61-)  A      0
  30 THR   (  62-)  A      0
  32 PHE   (  64-)  A      0
  33 TYR   (  65-)  A      0
  35 GLU   (  67-)  A      0
  37 CYS   (  69-)  A      0
  38 THR   (  70-)  A      0
  62 THR   (  94-)  A      0
  63 HIS   (  95-)  A      0
  64 PHE   (  96-)  A      0
  94 ASP   ( 125-)  A      0
  95 SER   ( 126-)  A      0
  96 PRO   ( 127-)  A      0
  97 PRO   ( 128-)  A      0
  98 THR   ( 129-)  A      0
  99 TYR   ( 130-)  A      0
 102 HIS   ( 133-)  A      0
 105 TYR   ( 136-)  A      0
And so on for a total of 412 lines.

Warning: Backbone oxygen evaluation

The residues listed in the table below have an unusual backbone oxygen position.

For each of the residues in the structure, a search was performed to find 5-residue stretches in the WHAT IF database with superposable C-alpha coordinates, and some restraining on the neighbouring backbone oxygens.

In the following table the RMS distance between the backbone oxygen positions of these matching structures in the database and the position of the backbone oxygen atom in the current residue is given. If this number is larger than 1.5 a significant number of structures in the database show an alternative position for the backbone oxygen. If the number is larger than 2.0 most matching backbone fragments in the database have the peptide plane flipped. A manual check needs to be performed to assess whether the experimental data can support that alternative as well. The number in the last column is the number of database hits (maximum 80) used in the calculation. It is "normal" that some glycine residues show up in this list, but they are still worth checking!

 131 PRO   ( 162-)  A   1.73   13
 682 PRO   ( 162-)  B   1.69   13
1062 PRO   ( 542-)  B   1.58   10

Warning: Unusual PRO puckering amplitudes

The proline residues listed in the table below have a puckering amplitude that is outside of normal ranges. Puckering parameters were calculated by the method of Cremer and Pople [REF]. Normal PRO rings have a puckering amplitude Q between 0.20 and 0.45 Angstrom. If Q is lower than 0.20 Angstrom for a PRO residue, this could indicate disorder between the two different normal ring forms (with C-gamma below and above the ring, respectively). If Q is higher than 0.45 Angstrom something could have gone wrong during the refinement. Be aware that this is a warning with a low confidence level. See: Who checks the checkers? Four validation tools applied to eight atomic resolution structures [REF]

 158 PRO   ( 189-)  A    0.15 LOW
 187 PRO   ( 218-)  A    0.17 LOW
 410 PRO   ( 441-)  A    0.19 LOW
 497 PRO   ( 528-)  A    0.17 LOW
 554 PRO   (  35-)  B    0.11 LOW
 711 PRO   ( 191-)  B    0.17 LOW
 796 PRO   ( 276-)  B    0.17 LOW
 883 PRO   ( 363-)  B    0.47 HIGH
 994 PRO   ( 474-)  B    0.17 LOW
1025 PRO   ( 505-)  B    0.17 LOW
1048 PRO   ( 528-)  B    0.14 LOW
1067 PRO   ( 547-)  B    0.12 LOW

Warning: Unusual PRO puckering phases

The proline residues listed in the table below have a puckering phase that is not expected to occur in protein structures. Puckering parameters were calculated by the method of Cremer and Pople [REF]. Normal PRO rings approximately show a so-called envelope conformation with the C-gamma atom above the plane of the ring (phi=+72 degrees), or a half-chair conformation with C-gamma below and C-beta above the plane of the ring (phi=-90 degrees). If phi deviates strongly from these values, this is indicative of a very strange conformation for a PRO residue, and definitely requires a manual check of the data. Be aware that this is a warning with a low confidence level. See: Who checks the checkers? Four validation tools applied to eight atomic resolution structures [REF].

  54 PRO   (  86-)  A   107.5 envelop C-beta (108 degrees)
 249 PRO   ( 280-)  A   115.0 envelop C-beta (108 degrees)
 265 PRO   ( 296-)  A   150.9 envelop C-alpha (144 degrees)
 290 PRO   ( 321-)  A  -118.0 half-chair C-delta/C-gamma (-126 degrees)
 507 PRO   ( 538-)  A  -113.9 envelop C-gamma (-108 degrees)
 511 PRO   ( 542-)  A  -142.2 envelop C-delta (-144 degrees)
 591 PRO   (  72-)  B   -63.8 envelop C-beta (-72 degrees)
 692 PRO   ( 172-)  B  -119.0 half-chair C-delta/C-gamma (-126 degrees)
 784 PRO   ( 264-)  B   -44.1 envelop C-alpha (-36 degrees)
 961 PRO   ( 441-)  B    48.8 half-chair C-delta/C-gamma (54 degrees)
1032 PRO   ( 512-)  B    50.3 half-chair C-delta/C-gamma (54 degrees)
1062 PRO   ( 542-)  B  -148.7 envelop C-delta (-144 degrees)

Bump checks

Error: Abnormally short interatomic distances

The pairs of atoms listed in the table below have an unusually short interactomic distance; each bump is listed in only one direction.

The contact distances of all atom pairs have been checked. Two atoms are said to `bump' if they are closer than the sum of their Van der Waals radii minus 0.40 Angstrom. For hydrogen bonded pairs a tolerance of 0.55 Angstrom is used. The first number in the table tells you how much shorter that specific contact is than the acceptable limit. The second distance is the distance between the centres of the two atoms. Although we believe that two water atoms at 2.4 A distance are too close, we only report water pairs that are closer than this rather short distance.

The last text-item on each line represents the status of the atom pair. If the final column contains the text 'HB', the bump criterion was relaxed because there could be a hydrogen bond. Similarly relaxed criteria are used for 1-3 and 1-4 interactions (listed as 'B2' and 'B3', respectively). BL indicates that the B-factors of the clashing atoms have a low B-factor thereby making this clash even more worrisome. INTRA and INTER indicate whether the clashes are between atoms in the same asymmetric unit, or atoms in symmetry related asymmetric units, respectively.

1106 NAG   ( 706-)  A      O4  <-> 1127 MAN   ( 707-)  A      C1     0.95    1.45  INTRA B3
 185 ARG   ( 216-)  A      NH1 <-> 1106 NAG   ( 706-)  A      C8     0.78    2.32  INTRA
1106 NAG   ( 706-)  A      C4  <-> 1127 MAN   ( 707-)  A      C1     0.68    2.52  INTRA
 499 SER   ( 530-)  A    A OG  <-> 1113 LNL   ( 701-)  A      C11    0.55    2.25  INTRA
 550 ASN   ( 581-)  A      CB  <-> 1128 HOH   (1184 )  A      O      0.54    2.26  INTRA
 763 LYS   ( 243-)  B      NZ  <-> 1120 EDO   ( 709-)  B      C2     0.46    2.64  INTRA BF
 259 GLU   ( 290-)  A      CG  <-> 1128 HOH   (1118 )  A      O      0.42    2.38  INTRA BF
 773 LYS   ( 253-)  B      CE  <-> 1129 HOH   ( 895 )  B      O      0.41    2.39  INTRA
 802 ASN   ( 282-)  B      ND2 <-> 1129 HOH   (1143 )  B      O      0.40    2.30  INTRA BF
   1 HIS   (  33-)  A      N   <-> 1128 HOH   (1116 )  A      O      0.38    2.32  INTRA BF
 736 ARG   ( 216-)  B      NH1 <-> 1111 NAG   ( 706-)  B      C8     0.33    2.77  INTRA BF
 354 TYR   ( 385-)  A      OH  <-> 1113 LNL   ( 701-)  A      C12    0.32    2.48  INTRA
1127 MAN   ( 707-)  A      C6  <-> 1128 HOH   (1180 )  A      O      0.32    2.48  INTRA BL
 736 ARG   ( 216-)  B      CG  <-> 1111 NAG   ( 706-)  B      C8     0.29    2.91  INTRA
 453 GLU   ( 484-)  A      OE2 <->  456 MET   ( 487-)  A      N      0.29    2.41  INTRA
 902 ASN   ( 382-)  B      O   <->  906 HIS   ( 386-)  B      CD2    0.28    2.52  INTRA
 174 PHE   ( 205-)  A      CE2 <-> 1113 LNL   ( 701-)  A      C13    0.27    2.93  INTRA
 269 MET   ( 300-)  A      CG  <->  388 LEU   ( 419-)  A      CD1    0.27    2.93  INTRA
  45 ARG   (  77-)  A      CG  <-> 1128 HOH   (1111 )  A      O      0.25    2.55  INTRA
 736 ARG   ( 216-)  B      CD  <-> 1111 NAG   ( 706-)  B      C8     0.25    2.95  INTRA BF
1004 GLU   ( 484-)  B      OE2 <-> 1007 MET   ( 487-)  B      N      0.24    2.46  INTRA BF
 716 MET   ( 196-)  B      CE  <->  951 ALA   ( 431-)  B      CB     0.24    2.96  INTRA
1050 SER   ( 530-)  B    A OG  <-> 1124 LNL   ( 701-)  B      C11    0.24    2.56  INTRA BL
1104 NAG   ( 704-)  A      C6  <-> 1128 HOH   (1078 )  A      O      0.22    2.58  INTRA BF
 167 PHE   ( 198-)  A      CZ  <->  321 LEU   ( 352-)  A      CD2    0.20    3.00  INTRA
And so on for a total of 127 lines.

Packing, accessibility and threading

Note: Inside/Outside RMS Z-score plot

The Inside/Outside distribution normality RMS Z-score over a 15 residue window is plotted as function of the residue number. High areas in the plot (above 1.5) indicate unusual inside/outside patterns.

Chain identifier: A

Note: Inside/Outside RMS Z-score plot

Chain identifier: B

Warning: Abnormal packing environment for some residues

The residues listed in the table below have an unusual packing environment.

The packing environment of the residues is compared with the average packing environment for all residues of the same type in good PDB files. A low packing score can indicate one of several things: Poor packing, misthreading of the sequence through the density, crystal contacts, contacts with a co-factor, or the residue is part of the active site. It is not uncommon to see a few of these, but in any case this requires further inspection of the residue.

  20 PHE   (  52-)  A      -7.33
 571 PHE   (  52-)  B      -6.88
 247 HIS   ( 278-)  A      -6.64
 798 HIS   ( 278-)  B      -6.55
1097 PHE   ( 577-)  B      -6.46
  29 ARG   (  61-)  A      -6.26
 580 ARG   (  61-)  B      -6.26
 154 ARG   ( 185-)  A      -5.95
 137 ASN   ( 168-)  A      -5.79
 736 ARG   ( 216-)  B      -5.54
 397 ARG   ( 428-)  A      -5.44
 948 ARG   ( 428-)  B      -5.43
 185 ARG   ( 216-)  A      -5.41
 386 HIS   ( 417-)  A      -5.41
 937 HIS   ( 417-)  B      -5.40
 239 GLN   ( 270-)  A      -5.34
 546 PHE   ( 577-)  A      -5.31
 690 GLU   ( 170-)  B      -5.30
 890 GLN   ( 370-)  B      -5.22
 734 HIS   ( 214-)  B      -5.20
 707 PHE   ( 187-)  B      -5.13
 584 TYR   (  65-)  B      -5.13
 216 PHE   ( 247-)  A      -5.12
1091 ASN   ( 571-)  B      -5.09
 156 PHE   ( 187-)  A      -5.04
 201 HIS   ( 232-)  A      -5.04
 540 ASN   ( 571-)  A      -5.01

Note: Quality value plot

The quality value smoothed over a 10 residue window is plotted as function of the residue number. Low areas in the plot (below -2.0) indicate unusual packing.

Chain identifier: A

Note: Quality value plot

The quality value smoothed over a 10 residue window is plotted as function of the residue number. Low areas in the plot (below -2.0) indicate unusual packing.

Chain identifier: B

Warning: Low packing Z-score for some residues

The residues listed in the table below have an unusual packing environment according to the 2nd generation packing check. The score listed in the table is a packing normality Z-score: positive means better than average, negative means worse than average. Only residues scoring less than -2.50 are listed here. These are the unusual residues in the structure, so it will be interesting to take a special look at them.

 442 LYS   ( 473-)  A   -2.90
 993 LYS   ( 473-)  B   -2.79
 885 LEU   ( 365-)  B   -2.64
 105 TYR   ( 136-)  A   -2.60
 688 ASN   ( 168-)  B   -2.60
 334 LEU   ( 365-)  A   -2.59
 344 ASN   ( 375-)  A   -2.58
 236 LYS   ( 267-)  A   -2.50

Warning: Abnormal packing Z-score for sequential residues

A stretch of at least four sequential residues with a 2nd generation packing Z-score below -1.75 was found. This could indicate that these residues are part of a strange loop or that the residues in this range are incomplete, but it might also be an indication of misthreading.

The table below lists the first and last residue in each stretch found, as well as the average residue Z-score of the series.

 152 LEU   ( 183-)  A     -  155 GLU   ( 186-)  A        -1.99

Note: Second generation quality Z-score plot

The second generation quality Z-score smoothed over a 10 residue window is plotted as function of the residue number. Low areas in the plot (below -1.3) indicate unusual packing.

Chain identifier: A

Note: Second generation quality Z-score plot

Chain identifier: B

Water, ion, and hydrogenbond related checks

Error: Water molecules without hydrogen bonds

The water molecules listed in the table below do not form any hydrogen bonds, neither with the protein or DNA/RNA, nor with other water molecules. This is a strong indication of a refinement problem. The last number on each line is the identifier of the water molecule in the input file.

1128 HOH   (1092 )  A      O
1128 HOH   (1116 )  A      O
1128 HOH   (1118 )  A      O
1129 HOH   (1135 )  B      O
Bound group on Asn; dont flip   36 ASN  (  68-) A
Bound to: 1103 NAG  ( 703-) A
Bound group on Asn; dont flip  113 ASN  ( 144-) A
Bound to: 1105 NAG  ( 705-) A
Bound group on Asn; dont flip  379 ASN  ( 410-) A
Bound to: 1107 NAG  ( 708-) A
Bound group on Asn; dont flip  587 ASN  (  68-) B
Bound to: 1108 NAG  ( 703-) B
Bound group on Asn; dont flip  664 ASN  ( 144-) B
Bound to: 1110 NAG  ( 705-) B
Bound group on Asn; dont flip  930 ASN  ( 410-) B
Bound to: 1112 NAG  ( 707-) B
Metal-coordinating Histidine residue 908 fixed to   1

Error: HIS, ASN, GLN side chain flips

Listed here are Histidine, Asparagine or Glutamine residues for which the orientation determined from hydrogen bonding analysis are different from the assignment given in the input. Either they could form energetically more favourable hydrogen bonds if the terminal group was rotated by 180 degrees, or there is no assignment in the input file (atom type 'A') but an assignment could be made. Be aware, though, that if the topology could not be determined for one or more ligands, then this option will make errors.

  58 HIS   (  90-)  A
 137 ASN   ( 168-)  A
 176 HIS   ( 207-)  A
 550 ASN   ( 581-)  A
 727 HIS   ( 207-)  B
 809 GLN   ( 289-)  B
 847 GLN   ( 327-)  B

Warning: Buried unsatisfied hydrogen bond donors

The buried hydrogen bond donors listed in the table below have a hydrogen atom that is not involved in a hydrogen bond in the optimized hydrogen bond network.

Hydrogen bond donors that are buried inside the protein normally use all of their hydrogens to form hydrogen bonds within the protein. If there are any non hydrogen bonded buried hydrogen bond donors in the structure they will be listed here. In very good structures the number of listed atoms will tend to zero.

Waters are not listed by this option.

 100 ASN   ( 131-)  A      ND2
 105 TYR   ( 136-)  A      N
 107 SER   ( 138-)  A      OG
 154 ARG   ( 185-)  A      NE
 154 ARG   ( 185-)  A      NH2
 177 GLN   ( 208-)  A      NE2
 181 THR   ( 212-)  A      N
 201 HIS   ( 232-)  A      N
 201 HIS   ( 232-)  A      ND1
 217 LYS   ( 248-)  A      N
 259 GLU   ( 290-)  A      N
 266 GLY   ( 297-)  A      N
 317 TYR   ( 348-)  A      OH
 326 PHE   ( 357-)  A      N
 357 HIS   ( 388-)  A      N
 383 LEU   ( 414-)  A      N
 420 SER   ( 451-)  A      OG
 446 SER   ( 477-)  A      N
 447 PHE   ( 478-)  A      N
 448 GLU   ( 479-)  A      N
 471 GLU   ( 502-)  A      N
 473 TYR   ( 504-)  A      OH
 570 GLY   (  51-)  B      N
 573 GLN   (  54-)  B      N
 656 TYR   ( 136-)  B      N
 658 SER   ( 138-)  B      OG
 668 TYR   ( 148-)  B      OH
 678 ASP   ( 158-)  B      N
 728 GLN   ( 208-)  B      NE2
 732 THR   ( 212-)  B      N
 768 LYS   ( 248-)  B      N
 775 GLN   ( 255-)  B      NE2
 805 PHE   ( 285-)  B      N
 817 GLY   ( 297-)  B      N
 868 TYR   ( 348-)  B      OH
 877 PHE   ( 357-)  B      N
 888 ASN   ( 368-)  B      N
 908 HIS   ( 388-)  B      N
 908 HIS   ( 388-)  B    A ND1
 934 LEU   ( 414-)  B      N
 997 SER   ( 477-)  B      N
1024 TYR   ( 504-)  B      OH
1041 THR   ( 521-)  B      N
Only metal coordination for  908 HIS  ( 388-) B    A NE2

Warning: Buried unsatisfied hydrogen bond acceptors

The buried side-chain hydrogen bond acceptors listed in the table below are not involved in a hydrogen bond in the optimized hydrogen bond network.

Side-chain hydrogen bond acceptors buried inside the protein normally form hydrogen bonds within the protein. If there are any not hydrogen bonded in the optimized hydrogen bond network they will be listed here.

Waters are not listed by this option.

 172 GLN   ( 203-)  A      OE1
 308 GLU   ( 339-)  A      OE1
 308 GLU   ( 339-)  A      OE2
 351 ASN   ( 382-)  A      OD1
 357 HIS   ( 388-)  A    A NE2
 723 GLN   ( 203-)  B      OE1
 859 GLU   ( 339-)  B      OE1
 859 GLU   ( 339-)  B      OE2
 931 ASN   ( 411-)  B      OD1

Warning: Unusual water packing

We implemented the ion valence determination method of Brown and Wu [REF] similar to Nayal and Di Cera [REF] and Mueller, Koepke and Sheldrick [REF]. It must be stated that the validation of ions in PDB files is very difficult. Ideal ion-ligand distances often differ no more than 0.1 Angstrom, and in a 2.0 Angstrom resolution structure 0.1 Angstrom is not very much. Nayal and Di Cera showed that this method nevertheless has great potential for detecting water molecules that actually should be metal ions. The method has not been extensively validated, though. Part of our implementation (comparing waters with multiple ion types) is even fully new and despite that we see it work well in the few cases that are trivial, we must emphasize that this method is untested.

The score listed is the valency score. This number should be close to (preferably a bit above) 1.0 for the suggested ion to be a likely alternative for the water molecule. Ions listed in brackets are good alternate choices. *1 indicates that the suggested ion-type has been observed elsewhere in the PDB file too. *2 indicates that the suggested ion-type has been observed in the REMARK 280 cards of the PDB file. Ion-B and ION-B indicate that the B-factor of this water is high, or very high, respectively. H2O-B indicates that the B-factors of atoms that surround this water/ion are suspicious. See: swift.cmbi.ru.nl/teach/theory/ for a detailed explanation.

1128 HOH   ( 801 )  A      O  1.03  K  5
1128 HOH   ( 847 )  A      O  1.07  K  5
1128 HOH   ( 874 )  A      O  1.00  K  4
1128 HOH   ( 904 )  A      O  0.98  K  5
1128 HOH   (1007 )  A      O  0.87  K  5
1128 HOH   (1048 )  A      O  0.87  K  4 Ion-B
1129 HOH   ( 802 )  B      O  1.07  K  5
1129 HOH   ( 846 )  B      O  0.85  K  4
1129 HOH   ( 916 )  B      O  1.05  K  5
1129 HOH   ( 933 )  B      O  0.93  K  5

Warning: Possible wrong residue type

The residues listed in the table below have a weird environment that cannot be improved by rotamer flips. This can mean one of three things, non of which WHAT CHECK really can do much about. 1) The side chain has actually another rotamer than is present in the PDB file; 2) A counter ion is present in the structure but is not given in the PDB file; 3) The residue actually is another amino acid type. The annotation 'Alt-rotamer' indicates that WHAT CHECK thinks you might want to find an alternate rotamer for this residue. The annotation 'Sym-induced' indicates that WHAT CHECK believes that symmetry contacts might have something to do with the difficulties of this residue's side chain. Determination of these two annotations is difficult, so their absence is less meaningful than their presence. The annotation Ligand-bound indicates that a ligand seems involved with this residue. In nine of ten of these cases this indicates that the ligand is causing the weird situation rather than the residue.

 205 GLU   ( 236-)  A   H-bonding suggests Gln
 291 GLU   ( 322-)  A   H-bonding suggests Gln
 592 GLU   (  73-)  B   H-bonding suggests Gln
 842 GLU   ( 322-)  B   H-bonding suggests Gln

Final summary

Note: Summary report for users of a structure

This is an overall summary of the quality of the structure as compared with current reliable structures. This summary is most useful for biologists seeking a good structure to use for modelling calculations.

The second part of the table mostly gives an impression of how well the model conforms to common refinement restraint values. The first part of the table shows a number of global quality indicators.


Structure Z-scores, positive is better than average:

  1st generation packing quality :  -1.414
  2nd generation packing quality :  -1.410
  Ramachandran plot appearance   :  -0.706
  chi-1/chi-2 rotamer normality  :  -1.021
  Backbone conformation          :  -0.936

RMS Z-scores, should be close to 1.0:
  Bond lengths                   :   1.000
  Bond angles                    :   0.944
  Omega angle restraints         :   1.146
  Side chain planarity           :   1.147
  Improper dihedral distribution :   1.177
  B-factor distribution          :   0.620
  Inside/Outside distribution    :   1.112

Note: Summary report for depositors of a structure

This is an overall summary of the quality of the X-ray structure as compared with structures solved at similar resolutions. This summary can be useful for a crystallographer to see if the structure makes the best possible use of the data. Warning. This table works well for structures solved in the resolution range of the structures in the WHAT IF database, which is presently (summer 2008) mainly 1.1 - 1.3 Angstrom. The further the resolution of your file deviates from this range the more meaningless this table becomes.

The second part of the table mostly gives an impression of how well the model conforms to common refinement restraint values. The first part of the table shows a number of global quality indicators, which have been calibrated against structures of similar resolution.

Resolution found in PDB file : 2.10


Structure Z-scores, positive is better than average:

  1st generation packing quality :  -1.0
  2nd generation packing quality :  -0.9
  Ramachandran plot appearance   :   0.1
  chi-1/chi-2 rotamer normality  :  -0.0
  Backbone conformation          :  -0.9

RMS Z-scores, should be close to 1.0:
  Bond lengths                   :   1.000
  Bond angles                    :   0.944
  Omega angle restraints         :   1.146
  Side chain planarity           :   1.147
  Improper dihedral distribution :   1.177
  B-factor distribution          :   0.620
  Inside/Outside distribution    :   1.112
==============

WHAT IF
    G.Vriend,
      WHAT IF: a molecular modelling and drug design program,
    J. Mol. Graph. 8, 52--56 (1990).

WHAT_CHECK (verification routines from WHAT IF)
    R.W.W.Hooft, G.Vriend, C.Sander and E.E.Abola,
      Errors in protein structures
    Nature 381, 272 (1996).
    (see also http://swift.cmbi.ru.nl/gv/whatcheck for a course and extra inform

Bond lengths and angles, protein residues
    R.Engh and R.Huber,
      Accurate bond and angle parameters for X-ray protein structure
      refinement,
    Acta Crystallogr. A47, 392--400 (1991).

Bond lengths and angles, DNA/RNA
    G.Parkinson, J.Voitechovsky, L.Clowney, A.T.Bruenger and H.Berman,
      New parameters for the refinement of nucleic acid-containing structures
    Acta Crystallogr. D52, 57--64 (1996).

DSSP
    W.Kabsch and C.Sander,
      Dictionary of protein secondary structure: pattern
      recognition of hydrogen bond and geometrical features
    Biopolymers 22, 2577--2637 (1983).

Hydrogen bond networks
    R.W.W.Hooft, C.Sander and G.Vriend,
      Positioning hydrogen atoms by optimizing hydrogen bond networks in
      protein structures
    PROTEINS, 26, 363--376 (1996).

Matthews' Coefficient
    B.W.Matthews
      Solvent content of Protein Crystals
    J. Mol. Biol. 33, 491--497 (1968).

Protein side chain planarity
    R.W.W. Hooft, C. Sander and G. Vriend,
      Verification of protein structures: side-chain planarity
    J. Appl. Cryst. 29, 714--716 (1996).

Puckering parameters
    D.Cremer and J.A.Pople,
      A general definition of ring puckering coordinates
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 1354--1358 (1975).

Quality Control
    G.Vriend and C.Sander,
      Quality control of protein models: directional atomic
      contact analysis,
    J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 47--60 (1993).

Ramachandran plot
    G.N.Ramachandran, C.Ramakrishnan and V.Sasisekharan,
      Stereochemistry of Polypeptide Chain Conformations
    J. Mol. Biol. 7, 95--99 (1963).

Symmetry Checks
    R.W.W.Hooft, C.Sander and G.Vriend,
      Reconstruction of symmetry related molecules from protein
      data bank (PDB) files
    J. Appl. Cryst. 27, 1006--1009 (1994).

Ion Checks
    I.D.Brown and K.K.Wu,
      Empirical Parameters for Calculating Cation-Oxygen Bond Valences
    Acta Cryst. B32, 1957--1959 (1975).

    M.Nayal and E.Di Cera,
      Valence Screening of Water in Protein Crystals Reveals Potential Na+
      Binding Sites
    J.Mol.Biol. 256 228--234 (1996).

    P.Mueller, S.Koepke and G.M.Sheldrick,
      Is the bond-valence method able to identify metal atoms in protein
      structures?
    Acta Cryst. D 59 32--37 (2003).

Checking checks
    K.Wilson, C.Sander, R.W.W.Hooft, G.Vriend, et al.
      Who checks the checkers
    J.Mol.Biol. (1998) 276,417-436.